QC Ware, the leader in enterprise software and services for quantum computing, today announced a significant breakthrough in quantum machine learning (QML) that increases QML accuracy and speeds up the industry timeline for practical QML applications on near-term quantum computers.
According to a company news release, QC Ware’s algorithms researchers have discovered how classical data can be loaded onto quantum hardware efficiently and how distance estimations can be performed quantumly. These new capabilities enabled by Data Loaders are now available in the latest release of QC Ware’s Forge cloud services platform, an integrated environment to build, edit, and implement quantum algorithms on quantum hardware and simulators.
“QC Ware estimates that with Forge Data Loaders, the industry’s 10-to-15-year timeline for practical applications of QML will be reduced significantly,” said Yianni Gamvros, Head of Product and Business Development at QC Ware. “What our algorithms team has achieved for the quantum computing industry is equivalent to a quantum hardware manufacturer introducing a chip that is 10 to 100 times faster than their previous offering. This exciting development will require business analysts to update their quad charts and innovation scouts to adjust their technology timelines.”
Apart from the Forge Data Loaders, the latest release of Forge includes tools for GPU acceleration, which allows algorithms testing to be completed in seconds versus hours, and turnkey algorithms implementations on a choice of simulators and quantum hardware. Simulations are executed on CPUs and Nvidia GPU on AWS. Quantum hardware integrations include D-Wave Systems, and IonQ and Rigetti architectures through Amazon Braket.
“To gain performance speedups on near-term quantum computers, it’s important to keep pushing the boundaries of what is possible with current hardware and current algorithms,” said Iordanis Kerenidis, Head of Quantum Algorithms International at QC Ware. “We are constantly striving to make fewer qubits and shallower circuits do more through innovative algorithms.”
Industry impact of Forge Data Loaders
Forge offers two types of data loaders: the Forge Parallel Data Loader and the Forge Optimized Data Loader, which optimally transform classical data to quantum states to be readily used in machine learning applications. Additionally, QC Ware is introducing optimized Distance Estimation algorithms that allow for powerful quantum classification and clustering applications.
These capabilities were considered major challenges for QML algorithms. Most research papers from academia, government, and industry assume the availability of Quantum Random Access Memory (QRAM), the quantum equivalent of classical RAM, to load data on quantum computers. However, very few researchers and vendors have worked on QRAM, and the few proposals around it come with very significant hardware requirements in qubit count and circuit depth. The Forge Data Loaders provide a powerful and near-term alternative to QRAM.
The table below illustrates what is required to load data points with a thousand features each. Compared with the Forge Data Loaders, the traditional approaches are impractical because they require hardware technology that does not yet exist (QRAM hardware) or an impossible number of qubits and/or deep circuits (Multiplexer and QRAM-inspired circuit). The Forge Optimized Data Loader can load such data points with just 100 qubits and a circuit depth of 100.
New Forge approach to accelerated GPU simulation of quantum algorithms
The latest release of Forge also offers a new approach to editing and simulating quantum algorithms. While testing larger algorithms can often take several minutes on readily available CPUs, these tests have to be repeated hundreds to thousands of times, adding hours of computation time. With GPU acceleration, algorithm testing can be done in seconds instead of hours, driving faster development.
Forge enables GPU acceleration with:
A new library that experts can use to compose circuits
Automatic importing and translation of IBM Qiskit and Google Cirq circuits
Integration with GPUs on the cloud, to which users can submit problems
Algorithms and hardware access in an integrated platform
Also available in the new release of Forge are various turnkey algorithm implementations to help experts and novices experiment with quantum computing. Each implementation offers unique performance advantages and capabilities:
Users can now run quantum classification, regression, and clustering algorithms on larger problems than what was previously possible as the implementations use the Forge Data Loaders and Distance Estimation. Forge contains classification and clustering examples that can run on a simulator with user-specified data sets.
Improved quantum annealing performance on D-Wave, by 10 to 100 times for larger problems
Optimization of algorithm parameters for optimization algorithms
In addition, the algorithms can be just as easily executed on any of the following backends:
Classical CPU simulators
Classical GPU simulators (NVIDIA GPUs provisioned on AWS)
Hardware on Amazon Braket, which includes access to IonQ and Rigetti hardware
D-Wave Systems hardware
See Forge in Action: Join Our July 22 Webinar
QC Ware is hosting an online webinar, “QC Ware Forge: Introducing Groundbreaking Features,” on July 22, 2020 (US and EU) / July 23 (Japan and Korea). The webinar will include a demonstration of the Forge platform and live Q&A. Register here.
About QC Ware
QC Ware is a quantum computing-as-a-service company building enterprise solutions that run on quantum computing hardware. QC Ware’s mission is to be the first company to offer a practical application providing quantum advantage over classical computers, and is working towards that goal with one of the world’s strongest teams of quantum algorithms scientists. The company is already generating revenue from research collaborations in a range of sectors, from aerospace, automotive, and financial services to manufacturing, material design, and oil and gas, as well as U.S. federal organizations. Aisin Group, Airbus, BMW Group, Equinor, and Goldman Sachs count among QC Ware’s customers. QC Ware is headquartered in Palo Alto, Calif., and has a wholly owned subsidiary in Paris, QC Ware France.